1 Füssel, H‐M, Klein, RJT. Climate change vulnerability assessments: an evolution of conceptual thinking. Clim Change 2006, 75:301–329.
2 Füssel, H‐M. Vulnerability: a generally applicable conceptual framework for climate change research. Glob Environ Change 2006, 17:155–167.
3 Smit, B, Burton, I, Klein, RJT, Street, R. The science of adaptation: a framework for assessment. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 1999, 4:199–213.
4 Pittock, AB, Jones, RN. Adaptation to what and why? Environ Monit Res 2000, 61:9–35.
5 Arnell, NW. Adapting to climate change: an evolving research programme. Clim Change 2010, 100:107–111.
6 Granoveter, M. Economic action and social structure: the problem of Embeddedness. Am J Sociol 1985, 91:481–510.
7 Astley, WG. van de Ven, AH, Central perspectives and debates in organizational theory. Adm Sci Q 1983, 28:245–273.
8 Hrebiniak, LG, Joyce, WF. Organizational adaptation: strategic choice and environmental determinism. Adm Sci Q 1985, 30:336–349.
9 van de Ven, AH, Poole, MS. Alternative approaches for studying organizational change. Organ Stud 2005, 26:1377–1404.
10 Linnenluecke, MK, Griffiths, A. Beyond adaptation: Resilience for business in light of climate change and weather extremes. Bus Soc 2010, 49:477–511.
11 Hannan, MT, Freeman, J. Structural inertia and organizational change. Am Sociol Rev 1984, 49:149–164.
12 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).In: McCarthy, JJ, Canziani, OF, Leary, NA, Dokken, DJ, White, KS, eds. Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
13 Mendelsohn, R, Nordhaus, WD, Shaw, D. The impact of global warming on agriculture: a Ricardian analysis. Am Econ Rev 1994, 84:753–771.
14 Fankhauser, S, Smith, JB, Tol, RSJ. Weathering climate change: some simple rules to guide adaptation decisions. Ecol Econ 1999, 30:67–76.
15 Mendelsohn, R. Efficient adaptation to climate change. Clim Change 2000, 45:583–600.
16 Kreibich, H, Thieken, AH, Petrow, T, Müller, M, Merz, B. Flood loss reduction of private households due to building precautionary measures—lessons learned from the Elbe flood in August 2002. Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci 2005, 5:117–126.
17 Schneider, SH, Easterling, WE, Mearns, LO. Adaptation: sensitivity to natural variability, agent assumptions and dynamic climatic changes. Clim Change 2000, 45:203–221.
18 Risbey, J, Kandlikar, M, Dowlatabati, H. Scale, context and decision making in agricultural adaptation to climate variability and change. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 1999, 4:137–165.
19 Pelling, M, High, C. Social learning and adaptation to climate change. Benfield Hazard Research Centre, Disaster Studies Working Paper 11, 2005,
20 Berkhout, F, Hertin, J, Gann, DM. Learning to adapt: organisational adaptation to climate change impacts. Clim Change 2006, 78:135–156.
21 Cyert, RM, March, JG. A Behavioral Theory of the Firm
. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall
22 Nelson, R, Winter, S. An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change
. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
23 Tversky, A, Kahneman, D. Advances in prospect theory: cumulative representation of uncertainty. J Risk Uncertain 1992, 5:297–323.
24 Levinthal, DA, March, JG. The myopia of learning. Strateg Manage J 1993, 14:95–112.
25 Grothmann, T, Patt, A. Adaptive capacity and human cognition: the process of individual adaptation to climate change. Glob Environ Change 2005, 15:199–213.
26 Kahneman, D, Tversky, A. Prospect theory: an analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica 1979, 47:313–327.
27 Trispas, M, Gavetti, G. Capabilities, cognition, and inertia: evidence from digital imaging. Strateg Manage J 2000, 21:1147–1161.
28 North, DC Institutions. J Econ Perspec 1991, 5:97–112.
29 Ostrom, E. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action
. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
30 Smit, B, Wandel, J. Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability. Glob Environ Change 2006, 16:282–292.
31 Ivey, JL, Smithers, J, de Loe, RC, Kreutzwiser, RD. Community capacity for adaptation to climate‐induced water shortages: linking institutional complexity and local actors. Environ Manage 2004, 33:36–47.
32 Naess, LO, Bang, G, Eriksen, S, Vevatne, J. Institutional adaptation to climate change: Flood responses in the municipal level in Norway. Glob Environ Change 2005, 15:125–138.
33 Moser, SC, Luers, AL. Managing climate risks in California: the need to engage resource managers for successful adaptation to change. Clim Change 2008, 87:309–322.
34 Farley, KA, Tague, C, Grant, GE. Vulnerability of water supply from the Oregon Cascades to changing climate: linking science to users and policy. Glob Environ Change 2011, 21:110–122.
35 McDonald, J. The role of law in adapting to climate change. WIREs: Clim Change 2011, 2:283–295.
36 Child, J. Organization structure, environment and performance: the role of strategic choice. Sociology 1972, 6:1–22.
37 Fiol, CM, Lyles, MA. Organisational learning. Acad Manage Rev 1985, 10:803–813.
38 Pelling, M, High, C, Dearing, J, Smith, D. Shadow spaces for social learning: a relational understanding of adaptive capacity to climate change within organisations. Environ Plann A 2008, 40:867–884.
39 Storbjörk, S. ‘It takes more to get a ship to change course’: barriers for organisational learning and local climate adaptation in Sweden. J Environ Policy Plann 2010, 12:235–254.
40 Moser, SC, Kasperson, RE, Yohe, G, Agyeman, J. Adaptation to climate change in the Northeast United States: opportunities, processes, constraints. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 2008, 13:643–659.
41 Arnell, NW, Delaney, EK. Adapting to climate change: public water supply in England and Wales. Clim Change 2006, 78:227–255.
42 Mendelsohn, R. The role of markets and governments in helping society adapt to a changing climate. Clim Change 2006, 78:203–215.
43 Daft, RL, Weick, KE. Toward a model of organizations as interpretation systems. Acad Manage Rev 1984, 9:284–295.
44 Schön, D, Rein, M. Frame reflection: toward the resolution of intractable policy controversies
. New York: Basic Books
45 Ford, JD, Pearce, T, Prno, J, Duerden, F, Berrang Ford, L, Smith, TR, Beaumier, M. Canary in a coal mine: perceptions of climate change risks and response options among Canadian mine operations (forthcoming). Clim Change 2011, 109:399–415.
46 Hoffmann, VF, Sprengel, DC, Ziegler, A, Kolb, M, Abegg, B. Determinants of corporate adaptation to climate change in winter tourism: an econometric analysis. Glob Environ Change 2009, 19:256–264.
47 Levitt, B, March, JG. Organizational learning. Annu Rev Sociol 1988, 14:319–340.
48 Berrang‐Ford, L, Ford, JD, Paterson, J. Are we adapting to climate change? Glob Environ Change 2011, 21:25–33.
49 Shepherd, P, Tansey, J, Dowlatabati, H. Context matters: what shapes adaptation to water stress in the Okanagan? Clim Change 2006, 78:31–62.
50 Boyd, E, Osbahr, H. Responses to climate change: exploring organisational learning across internationally networked organisations for development. Environ Educ Res 2010, 16:629–643.
51 Dodgson, M. Organizational learning: a review of some literatures. Organ Stud 1993, 14:375–394.
52 Argyris, C, Schön, D. Organizational learning: a theory of action perspective
. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley
53 Jones, GV. 2007, Climate change: observations, projections and general implications for viticulture and wine production. Economics Department. Working Paper no 7, Whitman College.
54 Hertin, J, Berkhout, F, Gann, DM, Barlow, J. Climate change and the UK housebuilding sector: perceptions, future impacts and adaptation. Build Res Inf 2003, 31:278–290.
55 Scott, D, McBoyle, G. Climate change adaptation in the ski industry. Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 2007, 12:1411–1431.
56 Naess, LO, Sullivan, M, Khinmaung, J, Crahay, P, Otzelberger, A. Changing Climates Changing Lives: Adaptation Strategies of Pastoral and Agri‐Pastoral Communities in Ethiopia and Mali
. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies (IDS)
57 Harries, T, Penning‐Rowsell, E. Institutional inertia and policy innovation for climate change adaptation: the case of flood risk management (forthcoming). Glob Environ Change 2011, 21:188–197.
58 Massini, S, Lewin, AY, Numagami, T, Pettigrew, AM. The evolution of organizational routines among large Western and Japanese firms. Res Policy 2002, 31:1333–1348.
59 Gavetti, G, Levinthal, D. Looking forward and looking backward: Cognitive and experiential search. Adm Sci Q 2000, 45:113–137.
60 Zollo, M, Winter, SG. Deliberate learning and the evolution of dynamic capabilities. Organ Sci 2002, 13:339–351.
61 March, J. Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. Organ Sci 1991, 2:71–87.
62 Linnenluecke, MK, Stathakis, A, Griffiths, A. Firm location as adaptive response to climate change and weather extremes. Glob Environ Change 2011, 21:123–133.
63 Linnenluecke, MK, Griffiths, A, Winn, M. Extreme weather events and the critical importance of anticipatory adaptation and organisational resilience in responding to impacts. Bus Strategy Environ 2011. doi:10.1002/bse.708.
64 Willows, RI, Connell, RK, eds. Climate Adaptation: Risk, Uncertainty and Decision‐Making
. UKCIP Technical Report. Oxford: UKCIP
65 Mendelsohn, R, Dinar, A. Climate, water, and agriculture. Land Econ 2003, 79:328–341.
66 Environment Agency. TE2100 Plan Consultation Document
. Thames Barrier, London: Environment Agency
; 2009, 25.
67 Wilby, RL, Vaughan, K. Hallmarks of organizations that are adapting to climate change. Water Environ J 2011, 25:271–281.
68 Deltacommissie Samen werken met water: Bevindingen van de Deltacommissie Den Haag; 2008, 134.
69 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In: Parry, ML, Canziani, OF, Palutikof, JP, van der Linden, PJ, Hanson, CE, eds. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
70 Winn, MI, Kirchgeorg, M, Griffiths, A, Linnenluecke, MK, Günther, E. Impacts from climate change on organisations: a conceptual foundation. Bus Strateg Environ 2011, 20:157–173.
71 Tompkins, EL, Adger, WN, Boyd, E, Nicholson‐Cole, S, Weatherhead, K, Arnell, N. Observed adaptation to climate change: UK evidence of transition to a well‐adapting society. Glob Environ Change 2010, 20:627–635.
72 De Bruin, KC, Dellink, RB, Tol, RSJ. AD‐DICE: an implementation of adaptation in the DICE model. Clim Change 2009, 95:63–81.
73 Patt, AG, van Vuuren, DP, Berkhout, F, Aaheim, A, Hof, AF, Isaac, M, Mechler, R. Adaptation in integrated assessment modeling: where do we stand? Clim Change 2009, 99:383–402.
74 Stern, N. Stern Review Report on the Economics of Climate Change
. London: HM Treasury
75 Biesbroek, GR, Swart, RJ, Carter, TR, Cowan, C, Henrichs, T, Mela, H, Morecroft, MD, Rey, D. Europe adapts to climate change: comparing national adaptation strategies. Glob Environ Change 2010, 20:440–450.
76 Barnett, J, O`Neill, S. Editorial: Maladaptation Glob Environ Change 2010, 20: 211–213.
77 Pfeffer, J, Salancik, GR. The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective
. New York: Harper %26 Row
78 Aldrich, HE. Organizations and Environments
. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice‐Hall