Home
This Title All WIREs
WIREs RSS Feed
How to cite this WIREs title:
WIREs Clim Change
Impact Factor: 4.571

Climate change governance: history, future, and triple‐loop learning?

Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML PDF

Can't access this content? Tell your librarian.

The international climate change regime started out very constructively, but although there has been progress over the last 25 years, this progress falls short of what is needed to address the climate change problem. This paper presents the regime evolution in terms of the concept of single‐, double‐, and triple‐loop learning, and its relationship with participatory processes and trust, emphasizing the more recent developments and prospects for the future. It argues that in the first stage of the regime, the problem was seen as structured (high scientific and normative consensus), defined as a technological problem and the focus was on improving the routines within the climate change negotiations. In the second stage, the problem was seen as moderately structured (with creeping doubts about the science and norms needed to deal with the problem) and defined as a political problem requiring double‐loop learning that questioned the underlying assumptions. In the third stage, the problem is seen as unstructured (where climate skeptics help shape political discourses on climate science and there is breakdown in normative consensus), as the problem is seen more as an ideological, systemic one requiring complex triple‐loop learning (unlearning, transformative learning) in the context of mutual distrust. The issue is whether in this stage we will be able to combine bottom‐up initiatives with top‐down legally binding goals, Northern and Southern perspectives, to create a global consensus on the need to restructure society such that the problem can once more be seen as structured and manageable. WIREs Clim Change 2016, 7:192–210. doi: 10.1002/wcc.388

Learning in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) regime.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Delaying stabilization, delaying coming to zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and compensating overshoot.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
The changing shape of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC).
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
As time passes, conflict increases, and trust decreases. Source: Building on Figure 1.1 of Gupta 2014.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Climate change and the split ladder of participation. Source: Building on Figure 2 of Hurlbert and Gupta 2015.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Measures that address the ‘unpacked’ climate process and related learning. Source: Building further on Figure 2.1 in Gupta 2014.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Related Articles

A history of international climate change policy
The fragmentation of the global climate governance architecture
Governance traps in climate change politics: re‐framing the debate in terms of responsibilities and rights

Browse by Topic

Policy and Governance > International Policy Framework

Access to this WIREs title is by subscription only.

Recommend to Your
Librarian Now!

The latest WIREs articles in your inbox

Sign Up for Article Alerts