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WIREs Clim Change
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Climate risk assessments and science‐based targets: A review of emerging private sector climate action tools

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Abstract With the retreat of the United States from the Paris Climate Agreement, the campaign to enroll corporations and other private sector actors into the climate governing arena has accelerated. The tools used by such actors in addressing climate change are similarly expanding. While carbon footprints and carbon offsets have been previously underscored as the chief climate action tools to date, climate risk assessments and science‐based targets have been proposed as new quantitative tools to mobilize corporate action against climate change. This article presents a review of these two tools, arguing for more comprehensive and sustained scholarly investigation into each. Following overviews on the early developments of each tool, related academic research is considered in an effort to point toward future research priorities. These priorities emphasize generating empirical data around each tool's origins, diffusion, and impacts (social, economic, and environmental) so that more robust academic debates might occur on the role of science‐based targets and climate risk assessments in advancing effective polycentric climate governance. This article is categorized under: Social Status of Climate Change Knowledge > Knowledge and Practice Policy and Governance > Private Governance of Climate Change

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Policy and Governance > Private Governance of Climate Change
Social Status of Climate Change Knowledge > Knowledge and Practice

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