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WIREs Cogn Sci
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Cultural context of cognitive development

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The cognitive problems that children formulate and solve in their daily lives necessarily take form in a cultural context. We review and illustrate two dominant approaches to study relations between cultural context and cognitive development, and we point to the limitations and affordances of each. Using a dichotomous approach, scholars employ a methodology that sharply differentiates cognition from cultural context, treating elements of cultural context as independent variables and elements of cognition as dependent variables. The approach often leads to propositions about transcultural features of context that influence the cognitive development of individuals. In contrast, using an intrinsic relations approach, researchers create units of analysis that capture relations between cognition and cultural context, investigating their mutual grounding in daily activities. We also review a small but important body of research that extends these approaches to diachronic analysis. This research seeks to understand shifting relations between cultural context and cognitive development over historical time. WIREs Cogn Sci 2014, 5:447‐461. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1300 This article is categorized under: Psychology > Development and Aging Psychology > Theory and Methods
Guo and Harris' model of poverty's effect on cognitive development.
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Fu generalized to contexts that do not include 2 kina notes.
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Fu used as double the value of a body part when counting 2 kina notes.
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Left panel: The early location for fu at the pinky (27). Right panel: A new location for fu at the inner elbow (20).
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Woman completing all 27‐body parts in the counting system, exclaiming fu! with fists raised at the count's end.
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(a) The Oksapmin 27‐body part counting system. (b) The suffix fu to communicate a double of a body part's value.
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Mean percentage correct on ratio comparison tasks as a function of (a) children's population group (10‐ to 12‐ year olds) and (b) sellers' age (in years).
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A boy computes what the gross price a wholesale box would yield if he sold candies to customers in the street at 4 for 1000 cruzeiros.
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Psychology > Development and Aging
Psychology > Theory and Methods

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