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WIREs Cogn Sci
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The developmental trinity of mind: Cognizance, executive control, and reasoning

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This paper summarizes research on how cognizance, that is, awareness of mental processes, interacts with executive control and reasoning from childhood to adolescence. Central positions are that (a) cognizance changes extensively with age; (b) it contributes to the formation of executive control, and (c) mediates between executive control and reasoning. Cognizance recycles with changes in executive and inferential possibilities in four developmental cycles: it registers their present state, yielding insight into their operation, allowing their better management; this catalyzes their transformation into the next level. Implications for theory of intellectual development and practical implications for education are discussed.

This article is categorized under:

  • Psychology > Development and Aging
  • Neuroscience > Cognition
  • Neuroscience > Development
  • Philosophy > Consciousness
Idealized curves of the integrated integration–differentiation logistic growth model
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Models of the mediation of cognizance between executive and reasoning processes. Note. COGN and EC stand for cognizance and executive control, respectively. Induct, deduct, and spatial stand for inductive, deductive, and spatial reasoning, respectively. Speed, Read, and WM stand for processing speed, reading speed, and working memory, respectively. Width of arrows indicates strength of relations. Gray arrows indicate bottom‐up relations and black arrows indicate top‐down relations
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Relations between development of general cognitive ability (g × age) and special processes across cycles. Note. Developmental general cognitive ability is the product of an individual’s age (in years) and his/her factor score on the first principal component abstracted from performance on the processes included in each study. Models of relations were estimated by segmented regression analysis
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Psychology > Development and Aging
Philosophy > Consciousness
Neuroscience > Cognition
Neuroscience > Development

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