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WIREs Cogn Sci
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CISDA: Changes in Integration for Social Decisions in Aging

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The aging of our population has been accompanied by increasing concerns about older adults' vulnerability to violations of trust and a growing interest in normative age‐related changes to decision making involving social partners. This intersection has spurred research on age‐related neurocognitive and affective changes underlying social decision making. Based on our review and synthesis of this literature, we propose a specification that targets social decision making in aging to the recently proposed Affect‐Integration‐Motivation (AIM) framework. Our framework specification, Changes in Integration for Social Decisions in Aging (CISDA), emphasizes three key components of value integration with particular relevance for social decisions in aging: theory of mind, emotion regulation, and memory for past experience. CISDA builds on converging research from economic decision making, cognitive neuroscience, and lifespan development to outline how age‐related changes to neurocognition and behavior impact social decision making. We conclude with recommendations for future research based on CISDA's predictions, including implications for the development of interventions to enhance social decision outcomes in older adults. This article is categorized under: Economics > Individual Decision Making Psychology > Reasoning and Decision Making Psychology > Development and Aging Neuroscience > Cognition
(a) Changes in Integration for Social for Social Decisions in Aging (CISDA) provides a theoretical framework for understanding mechanisms of age‐related changes in decision making in the social domain. CISDA focuses on neurobiological and experiential changes underlying three key interacting integrative functions: Theory of mind, emotion regulation, and memory for past experience. (b) Neural substrates, age effects, and potential impacts on decision making in the three integrative processes proposed in CISDA. dmPFC = dorsomedial prefrontal cortex; TPJ = temporal–parietal junction; vmPFC = ventromedial prefrontal cortex; MTL = medial temporal lobe; dlPFC = dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; vlPFC = ventrolateral prefrontal cortex; AI = anterior insula; CN = caudate nucleus
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Predicted trajectories of integration functions in CISDA. CISDA proposes stability or change in decision‐making performance as a function of aspects of theory of mind, emotion regulation, and memory for past experience. (a) Performance reliant on affective theory of mind is predicted to remain stable across adulthood while performance reliant on cognitive theory of mind is predicted to decline. (b) Performance reliant on the ability to regulate negative affective impulses is predicted to improve across adulthood while performance reliant on negative subjective arousal is predicted to decline. (c) Performance reliant on semantic or implicit memory is predicted to improve over adulthood while performance reliant on working or episodic memory is predicted to decline
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Psychology > Development and Aging
Economics > Individual Decision-Making
Neuroscience > Cognition
Psychology > Reasoning and Decision Making

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