1 Goel, V. Anatomy of deductive reasoning. Trends Cogn Sci 2007, 11: 435–441.
2 Goel, V. %22Cognitive neuroscience of thinking%22. In: Berntson, G, Cacioppo, JT, eds. Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. New York, NY: John Wiley %26 Sons
3 Newell, A, Simon, HA. Human Problem Solving. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice‐Hall
4 Fodor, JA, Pylyshyn, ZW. Connectionism and cognitive architecture: a critical analysis. Cognition 1988, 28: 3–71.
5 Goel, V. Sketches of Thought. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
6 Lezak, MD. Neuropsychological Assessment. 3rd ed
. New York, NY: Oxford University Press
7 Milner, B. Effects of different brain lesions on card sorting: the role of the frontal lobes. Arch Neurol 1963, 9: 100–110.
8 Rylander, G. Personality changes after operations on the frontal lobes. Acta Psychiat Neurol Scand, Suppl 1939.
9 Smith, ML, Milner, B. Estimation of frequency of occurrence of abstract designs after frontal or temporal lobectomy. Neuropsychologia 1988, 26: 297–306.
10 McCarthy, RA, Warrington, EK. Cognitive Neuropsychology: A Clinical Introduction. New York, NY: Academic Press
11 Alivisatos, B, Milner, B. Effects of frontal or temporal lobectomy on the use of advance information in a choice reaction time task. Neuropsychologia 1989, 27: 495–504.
12 Shallice, T. Specific impairments of planning. Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B 1982, 298: 199–209.
13 Shallice, T, Evans, ME. The involvement of the frontal lobes in cognitive estimation. Cortex 1978, 14: 294–303.
14 Shallice, T. From Neuropsychology to Mental Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
15 Colvin, MK, Dunbar, K, Grafman, J. The effects of frontal lobe lesions on goal achievement in the water jug task. J Cogn Neurosci 2001, 13: 1129–1147.
16 Goel, V, Grafman, J. Are frontal lobes implicated in “planning” functions: interpreting data from the Tower of Hanoi. Neuropsychologia 1995, 33: 623–642.
17 Morris, RG, Miotto, EC, Feigenbaum, JD, Bullock, P, Polkey, CE. The effect of goal‐subgoal conflict on planning ability after frontal‐ and temporal‐lobe lesions in humans. Neuropsychologia 1997, 35: 1147–1157.
18 Goel, V, Vartanian, O. Dissociating the roles of right ventral lateral and dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex in generation and maintenance of hypotheses in set‐shift problems. Cereb Cortex 2005, 15: 1170–1177.
19 Jung‐Beeman, M, Bowden, EM, Haberman, J, Frymiare, JL, Arambel‐Liu, S, et al. Neural activity when people solve verbal problems with insight. PLoS Biol 2004, 2: E97.
20 Luo, J, Niki, K. Function of hippocampus in “insight” of problem solving. Hippocampus 2003, 13: 316–323.
21 Miller, LA, Tippett, LJ. Effects of focal brain lesions on visual problem‐solving. Neuropsychologia 1996, 34: 387–398.
22 Schneider, F, Gur, RE, Alavi, A, Seligman, ME, Mozley, LH, Smith, RJ, et al. Cerebral blood flow changes in limbic regions induced by unsolvable anagram tasks. Am J Psychiatry 1996, 153: 206–212.
23 Channon, S, Crawford, S. Problem‐solving in real‐life‐type situations: the effects of anterior and posterior lesions on performance. Neuropsychologia 1999, 37: 757–770.
24 Goel, V, Grafman, J. The role of the right prefrontal cortex in ill‐structured problem solving. Cogn Neuropsychol 2000, 17: 415–436.
25 Goel, V, Grafman, J, Tajik, J, Gana, S, Danto, D. A study of the performance of patients with frontal lobe lesions in a financial planning task. Brain 1997, 120: 1805–1822.
26 Shallice, T, Burgess, P. %22Higher‐order cognitive impairments and frontal lobe lesions in man%22. In: Levin, HS, Eisenberg, HM, Benton, AL, eds. Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction. Oxford: Oxford University Press
27 Sirigu, A, Zalla, T, Pillon, B, Grafman, J, Dubois, B, et al. Planning and script analysis following prefrontal lobe lesions. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1995, 769: 277–288.
28 Goel, V, Pullara, SD, Grafman, J. A computational model of frontal lobe dysfunction: working memory and the Tower of Hanoi. Cogn Sci 2001, 25: 287–313.
29 Kimberg, DY, Farah, MJ. A unified account of cognitive impairments following frontal lobe damage: the role of working memory in complex, organized behavior. J Exp Psychol: Gen 1993, 122: 411–428.
30 Fincham, JM, Carter, CS, van Veen, V, Stenger, VA, Anderson, JR. Neural mechanisms of planning: a computational analysis using event‐related fMRI. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2002, 99: 3346–3351.
31 Newman, SD, Carpenter, PA, Varma, S, Just, MA. Frontal and parietal participation in problem solving in the Tower of London: fMRI and computational modeling of planning and high‐level perception. Neuropsychologia 2003, 41: 1668–1682.
32 Reitman, WR. %22Heuristic decision procedures, open constraints, and the structure of ill‐defined problems%22. In: Shelly, MW, Bryan, GL, eds. Human Judgments and Optimality. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons
; 1964, 282–315.
33 Rittel, HWJ, Webber, MM. Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. J DMG‐DRS 1974, 8: 31–39.
34 Simon, HA. The structure of ill‐structured problems. Artif Intell 1973, 4: 181–201.
35 Giunti, M. Computation, Dynamics, and Cognition. New York, NY: Oxford University Press
36 Eslinger, PJ, Damasio, AR. Severe disturbance of higher cognition after frontal lobe ablation: patient EVR. Neurology 1985, 35: 1731–1741.
37 Burgess, PW. Strategy application disorder: the role of the frontal lobes in human multitasking. Psychol Res 2000, 63: 279–288.
38 Shallice, T, Burgess, P. The domain of supervisory processes and temporal organization of behaviour. Phil Trans R Soc Lond B 1996, 351: 1405–1412.
39 Grafman, J. %22Plans, actions, and mental sets: managerial knowledge units in the frontal lobes%22. In: Perecman, E, ed. Integrating Theory and Practice in Clinical Neuropsychology. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum
40 Damasio, AR. Descartes` Error. New York, NY: Avon Books
41 Burgess, PW, Alderman, N, Forbes, C, Costello, A, Coates, LM, et al. The case for the development and use of “ecologically valid” measures of executive function in experimental and clinical neuropsychology. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2006, 12: 194–209.
42 Burgess, PW, Scott, SK, Frith, CD. The role of the rostral frontal cortex (area 10) in prospective memory: a lateral versus medial dissociation. Neuropsychologia 2003, 41: 906–918.
43 Goel, V. %22Planning: neural and psychological%22. In: Nadel, L., ed. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. New York, NY: Macmillan
44 Bechara, A, Damasio, H, Tranel, D, Anderson, S. Dissociation of working memory from decision making within the human prefrontal cortex. J Neurosci 1998, 18: 428–437.
45 Elliott, R, Rees, G, Dolan, RJ. Ventromedial prefrontal cortex mediates guessing. Neuropsychologia 1999, 37: 403–411.
46 Goel, V, Dolan, RJ Reciprocal neural response within lateral and ventral medial prefrontal cortex during hot and cold reasoning. Neuroimage 2003, 20: 2314–2321.
47 Acuna, BD, Eliassen, JC, Donoghue, JP, Sanes, JN. Frontal and parietal lobe activation during transitive inference in humans. Cereb Cortex 2002, 12: 1312–1321.
48 Goel, V, Dolan, RJ. Differential involvement of left prefrontal cortex in inductive and deductive reasoning. Cognition 2004, 93: B109–B121.
49 Prado, J, Noveck, IA. Overcoming perceptual features in logical reasoning: a parametric functional magnetic resonance imaging study. J Cogn Neurosci 2007, 19: 642–657.
50 Reverberi, C, Lavaroni, A, Gigli, GL, Skrap, M, Shallice, T. Specific impairments of rule induction in different frontal lobe subgroups. Neuropsychologia 2005, 43: 460–472.
51 De Neys, W, Vartanian, O, Goel, V. Smarter than we think: when our brains detect that we are biased. Psychol Sci 2008, 19: 483–489.
52 Shallice, T, Burgess, PW. Deficits in strategy application following frontal lobe damage in man. Brain 1991, 114: 727–741.
53 Fellows, LK. Deciding how to decide: ventromedial frontal lobe damage affects information acquisition in multi‐attribute decision making. Brain 2006, 129: 944–952.
54 Fellows, LK, Farah, MJ. Ventromedial frontal cortex mediates affective shifting in humans: evidence from a reversal learning paradigm. Brain 2003, 126: 1830–1837.
55 Gazzaniga, MS. Cerebral specialization and interhemispheric communication: does the corpus callosum enable the human condition? Brain 2000, 123: 1293–1326.
56 Gazzaniga, MS, Ivry, RB, Mangun, GR. Cognitive Neuroscience: The Biology of the Mind. New York, NY: W. W. Norton
57 Corballis, PM. Visuospatial processing and the right‐hemisphere interpreter. Brain Cogn 2003, 53: 171–176.
58 Wolford, G, Miller, MB, Gazzaniga, M. The left hemisphere`s role in hypothesis formation. J Neurosci 2000, 20: 1–4.
59 Canessa, N, Gorini, A, Cappa, SF, Piattelli‐Palmarini, M, Danna, M, Fazio, F, et al. The effect of social content on deductive reasoning: an fMRI study. Hum Brain Mapp 2005, 26: 30–43.
60 Fangmeier, T, Knauff, M, Ruff, CC, Sloutsky, V. FMRI evidence for a three‐stage model of deductive reasoning. J Cogn Neurosci 2006, 18: 320–334.
61 Knauff, M., Mulack, T, Kassubek, J, Salih, HR, Greenlee, MW. Spatial imagery in deductive reasoning: a functional MRI study. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 2002, 13: 203–212.
62 Noveck, IA, Goel, V, Smith, KW. The neural basis of conditional reasoning with arbitrary content. Cortex 2004, 40: 613–622.
63 Ruff, CC, Knauff, M, Fangmeier, T, Spreer, J. Reasoning and working memory: common and distinct neuronal processes. Neuropsychologia 2003, 41: 1241–1253.
64 DeNeys, W, Goel, V. %22Heuristics and biases in the brain: dual neural pathways for decision making%22. In: Vartanian, O, Mandel, DR, eds. Neuroscience of Decision Making. New York, NY: Psychology Press
. In press.
65 Vartanian, O, Goel, V. Task constraints modulate activation in right ventral lateral prefrontal cortex. Neuroimage 2005, 27: 927–933.
66 Goel, V, Stollstorff, M, Nakic, M, Knutson, K, Grafman, J. A role for right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex in reasoning about indeterminate relations. Neuropsychologia 2009, 47: 2790–2797.
67 Goel, V, Tierney, M, Sheesley, L, Bartolo, A, Vartanian, O, et al. Hemispheric specialization in human prefrontal cortex for resolving certain and uncertain inferences. Cereb Cortex 2007, 17: 2245–2250.