Home
This Title All WIREs
WIREs RSS Feed
How to cite this WIREs title:
WIREs Energy Environ.
Impact Factor: 2.514

Catalysis at room temperature: perspectives for future green chemical processes

Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML PDF

Can't access this content? Tell your librarian.

Catalytic processes have been one of the main pillars of the chemical industry in recent years. Protocols that make use of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts have been extensively implemented for the production of fine chemicals, fuels, materials, and relevant products. Importantly, the need for benign by design processes and technologies became recently a major driver in both research and industry for a more sustainable future. This contribution has been aimed to discuss and highlight key examples on room temperature catalytic processes as one of the most relevant research avenues for future developments in catalysis. WIREs Energy Environ 2015, 4:316–338. doi: 10.1002/wene.141

This article is categorized under:

  • Bioenergy > Systems and Infrastructure
  • Energy Efficiency > Science and Materials
  • Energy Research & Innovation > Science and Materials
Three‐component reaction catalyzed by a task‐specific ionic liquid (TSIL).
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
TEM images of freshly prepared Pd/IL‐NH2/SiO2/Fe3O4 (a) and after being reused three times (b).
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Durability test using 1 wt% Au/CeO2 (DPU) catalyst. Reaction conditions: 80 ppm HCHO/21% O2/N2, RH = 50% (25°C); temperature: 25°C; GHSV = 34,000 h−1.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Effect of water on HCHO conversion over the 1 wt% Au/CeO2 (DPU) catalyst. Reaction conditions: wet air: 80 ppm HCHO/21% O2/N2, RH = 50% (25°C); temperature: 25°C; GHSV = 34,000 h−1 ;dry air: 80 ppm HCHO/21% O2/N2; temperature: 25°C; GHSV = 34,000 h−1.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Catalytic oxidation of HCHO over 1 wt% Au/CeO2(DPU) and 1 wt% Au/CeO2(DPN) catalysts. Reaction conditions: 80 ppm HCHO/21% O2/N2, RH = 50% (25°C); temperature: 25°C; GHSV = 34,000 h−1.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
(a) CO conversion and turn over number (TON) as a function of Au loading (1‐NA = 1% Au/CeO2 without aging) (experimental conditions: 3.6% CO‐21% O2‐Ar = 1,0 L/min, catalyst = 50 mg, room temperature; TON, number of molecules of product formed per gold atom), (b) CO conversion over 1% Au/CeO2 (dp, us, and age). Experimental conditions same as Figure (a).
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
(a) The rate of 2‐AP formation with AuNPs of different sizes. (b) SERS spectra of 6‐TG and NaBH4 are 40 µM and 33 mM, respectively. The nominal particle concentrations of the 10, 15, and 50 nm‐sized AuNPs are 4.20, 1.87, and 0.17 nM, respectively. The volume of the reaction solution is 3 mL. The dots represent the experimental data, and the solid line is the fitting curve.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
One‐pot two‐step aza Diels‐Alder reaction.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Imination of nitroarenes using aldehydes and carbon monoxide by supported gold nanoparticles at room temperature.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Reaction profiles of benzaldehyde consumption and product generation in the laser‐assisted amidation of benzaldehyde and morpholine. Reaction conditions: 0.2 mL benzaldehyde, 0.2 mL morpholine, 19 mL THF, 1 mL H2O2, 0.01 g KOH, and 0.025 g Au–silica catalyst, 25°C. The proposed induction period can be clearly observed at the beginning of the reaction (the first 30–60 min, see the line of 4‐benzoylmorpholine formation).
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Laser‐driven tandem oxidation/amidation reaction. Benzyl alcohol and benzyl amine to N‐benzylbenzamide. Reaction conditions: 0.2 mL benzyl alcohol, 0.2 mL morpholine, 19 mL THF, 1 mL H2O2, 0.01 g KOH, 2 mL H2O2 (added dropwise), and 0.025 g Au–SiO2 catalyst, 4 h of reaction, 25°C.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Comparative experiments in the amidation of benzaldehyde and morpholine at room temperature conducted under identical conditions. Reaction conditions: 0.2 mL benzaldehyde, 0.2 mL morpholine, 19 mL THF, 1 mL H2O2, 0.01 g KOH, and 0.025 g Au–silica catalyst, 4 h of reaction, 25°C.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Laser‐driven amide formation between benzaldehyde and morpholine at room temperature.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Influence of the Lewis acidity (normalized values with respect to MIL‐101) in the conversion and selectivity toward benzyl benzoate (mol%) for different catalysts.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Schematic description of the reaction pathway of the active oxygen species with benzene on Fe/ZSM‐5 at room temperature.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Transformation of the oligomeric alkoxides into oligomeric carboxylic acids via interaction of equilibrated oligomeric carbenium ions with CO and H2O.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Production of carboxylic acids using zeolites.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Browse by Topic

Energy Research & Innovation > Science and Materials
Bioenergy > Systems and Infrastructure
Energy Efficiency > Science and Materials

Access to this WIREs title is by subscription only.

Recommend to Your
Librarian Now!

The latest WIREs articles in your inbox

Sign Up for Article Alerts