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WIREs Energy Environ.
Impact Factor: 3.297

Chemical looping technology for energy and chemical production

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Chemical looping has been considered as a promising technology for CO2 capture and for producing electricity and/or chemicals from various carbonaceous feedstocks. This article provides an overview of chemical looping processes, their potential process configurations, and applications for power and chemical production. The designs and results of various demonstration units are discussed in relation to parameters required for commercialization. Furthermore, the barriers to commercialization of a chemical looping plant for power or syngas production are illustrated. WIREs Energy Environ 2016, 5:216–241. doi: 10.1002/wene.173 This article is categorized under: Fossil Fuels > Science and Materials Energy Research & Innovation > Science and Materials
Modes of chemical looping: (a) Mode I: well mixed single stage reducer and (b) Mode II: countercurrent multistage reducer.
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Process configuration for syngas generation from methane for liquid fuels production from Fischer‐Tropsch.
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Layout of the syngas chemical looping concept.
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Chemical looping schemes for production of chemicals from methane: (a) chemical looping reforming (CLR); (b) chemical looping partial oxidation (CLPO); and (c) syngas chemical looping.
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Chemical looping combustion used for syngas combustion in IGCC.
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Ellingham diagram for metal oxides used in chemical looping schemes.
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(a) Chemical looping system developed by Fan et al. for solid fuel conversion and (b) reducer design.
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Chemical looping system developed by Thon et al. for solid fuel conversion.
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Chemical looping system developed by Abad et al. for solid fuel conversion.
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Chemical looping system developed by Shen et al. for solid fuel conversion: (a) 10‐kWth unit and (b) 1‐kWth unit.
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Chemical looping system developed by Lyngfelt et al. for solid fuel conversion: (a) 10‐kWth unit and (b) 100‐kWth unit.
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Chemical looping system developed by Son and Kim.
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Chemical looping combustion/reforming unit developed by Proll et al.
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