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WIREs Energy Environ.
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The role of sustainable biomass in the heat market sector for EU27

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This paper provides evidence‐based information for biomass heat as a low‐carbon option to meet the renewable energy targets in the European Union by employing both qualitative and quantitative frameworks in order to (1) characterize market segments within the heat, district heating, and combined heat and power (CHP) sectors in EU27; (2) define a set of key factors affecting future penetration of biomass in them; (3) evaluate the market segments across all the key factors and define which are the most promising for biomass uptake by 2020; and (4) assess the quantitative role that biomass can play in the various market segments for 2020. The demand analysis is combined with detailed cost supply information for a range of scenarios, from individual National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs) country information to explicit, consistent, and harmonized datasets for all EU Member States which also comply with two sets of sustainability criteria, one reflecting the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and the other applying very strict mitigation factors to the biomass value chains and also expanding the RED criteria to all bioenergy carriers (liquid, solid, and gaseous). WIREs Energy Environ 2016, 5:430–450. doi: 10.1002/wene.197 This article is categorized under: Bioenergy > Economics and Policy Bioenergy > Science and Materials
Potential market segments for biomass in the EU heat, district heating, and CHP sectors. EU, European Union; CHP, combined heat and power.
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Market segments with best potential for biomass in the EU heat, district heating, and CHP sectors. EU, European Union; CHP, combined heat and power.
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Influencing factors and market segments—Scoring for the technical, economic, and organizational factors.
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Influencing factors and market segments—Organizational score.
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Influencing factors and market segments—Economic percentage score.
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Influencing factors and market segments—Technical score.
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Influencing factors and market segments—Total score.
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Key biomass feedstocks (Mtoe) and their costs (€/GJ, blue line) under the EU27 cost/supply curves based on the analysis of the Biomass Futures project.
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EU27 biomass fuels cost (€/GJ) and supply (Mtoe) for 2020 for the two scenarios RED and RED+.
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Domestic supply by selected biomass type (Mtoe) as reported in NREAPs. NREAP, National Renewable Energy Action Plan.
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