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WIREs Energy Environ.
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Scenarios of public energy research and development expenditures: financing energy innovation in Europe

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The aim of this study is to examine public expenditures for energy R&D in Europe and the resulting energy knowledge stock. After the first oil shock energy R&D became more and more important in Europe. The energy R&D distribution among technologies of the EU member states and the European Commission was similar in the 1980s with a strong focus on nuclear energy. Nowadays, energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies are of growing importance. The new program Horizon 2020 is expected to have an equal distribution between nonnuclear and nuclear energy R&D expenditures. The cumulative energy knowledge stock induced by public R&D expenditures amounts to approximately 36 billion EUR in 2013, whereupon the EU member states’ share is more than three times larger than the European Commission's share. The study provides knowledge stock scenarios for the next years under business as usual and changing conditions. According to the scenarios, the knowledge stock will increase to 48.5–55 billion EUR by 2023. For the first time, such comparison between the EU member states’ and the European Commission's R&D expenditures has been performed for a period of more than 30 years, obtaining a clear picture of the induced energy knowledge stock. WIREs Energy Environ 2016, 5:470–488. doi: 10.1002/wene.200 This article is categorized under: Energy Policy and Planning > Economics and Policy Energy and Development > Economics and Policy Energy Research & Innovation > Economics and Policy
Energy R&D expenditures of the EU member states from 1974 to 2012 and estimated until 2020 [million EUR, BAU Scenario] (2012 prices and exc. rates).
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Cumulative energy knowledge stock induced by public R&D expenditures of the EU member states and the European Commission [million EUR] (2012 prices and exc. rates, knowledge depreciation 10%, time lag 3 years).
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Cumulative energy knowledge stock induced by public R&D expenditures of the European Commission [million EUR] (2012 prices and exc. rates, knowledge depreciation 10%, time lag 3 years).
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Cumulative energy knowledge stock by public R&D expenditures of the EU member states [million EUR, Advanced Scenario] (2012 prices and exc. rates, knowledge depreciation 10%, time lag 3 years).
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Cumulative energy knowledge stock by public R&D expenditures of the EU member states [million EUR, BAU Scenario] (2012 prices and exc. rates, knowledge depreciation 10%, time lag 3 years).
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Energy R&D expenditures of the European Commission from 1987 to 2013 and estimated until 2020 [million EUR] (2012 prices and exc. rates).
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Changing priorities within the R&D framework programs (FP1–FP7) and Horizon 2020 (2012 prices and exc. rates).
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Changing priorities within the R&D framework programs (FP1–FP7) and Horizon 2020.
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Energy R&D expenditures of the EU member states from 1974 to 2012 and estimated until 2020 [million EUR, Advanced Scenario] (2012 prices and exc. rates).
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

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Energy Policy and Planning > Economics and Policy
Energy and Development > Economics and Policy
Energy Research & Innovation > Economics and Policy

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