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WIREs Energy Environ.
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Integration of renewable energy systems and challenges for dynamics, control, and automation of electrical power systems

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This paper tackles the key challenges for dynamics, control, and automation of power systems that are imposed by the integration of renewable power plants. First, the current practice of automation and control in large‐scale power systems are reviewed. Then, dynamics and control of electrical transmission systems are discussed and the issues associated with the integration of large‐scale wind and solar power plants are exploited. The discussion carries on with a focus on control of electrical distribution systems and the key issues associated with the integration of distributed generation power plants. An emerging concern in power and energy industry is the dynamic interaction between transmission and distribution systems as a result of technological and topological changes in power systems that can put their control at risk. These topics are also covered in this paper. In terms of automation, the key challenges and opportunities for accommodation of higher penetration and share of renewable energy, as part of the vision for grid modernization, are explored in this paper. Throughout the discussion, some results from the recent studies are shown.

This article is categorized under:

  • Energy Infrastructure > Systems and Infrastructure
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Voltage regulation in the FirstEnergy/PJM distribution feeders following integration of a 1,000 MW offshore wind power plant into its transmission system. The support in the legends of these plots refer to the reactive power support provided by the wind machine
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The distribution management system and its constitutive components
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