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WIREs Energy Environ.
Impact Factor: 3.297

Assessment of inertial and primary frequency control from wind power plants in the Mexican electric power grid

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Abstract Large‐scale integration of converter‐based renewable energy sources into power systems, such as wind generation, can lead to frequency stability issues due to the variable nature and lack of inertia of these technologies in combination with the gradual replacement of conventional generating units. However, wind turbine generators (WTGs) can be exploited to provide frequency support and keep system frequency stability requirements. A case study considering the Mexican Electric Power System is presented in this study to highlight both the impact of large‐scale deployment of inverter‐interfaced wind energy generation on system frequency response, and the participation of WTGs in inertial and primary frequency control (IPFC) as a mitigation approach. By incorporating synthetic inertia and droop control functions into the active power control loop of WTG converters, IPFC by wind generation is assessed for several wind shares, different active power modulation strategies based on the rate of change of frequency and frequency deviation, and several IPFC contribution levels under critical contingencies for generation outage. Simulation results show the combination of increasing share of wind energy generation in the study system and retirement of conventional generation has a clearly negative impact on system frequency dynamics. However, the incorporation of IPFC functions into wind power generators of the sample system, with appropriate control gain values, may contribute to effectively achieve an improved system performance in terms of grid frequency response under high wind power penetration scenarios. This article is characterized under: Wind Power > Science and Materials Wind Power > Systems and Infrastructure Energy Research & Innovation > Science and Materials
Frequency response with K1 = 0.0 varying K2
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Total wind turbine generator output with K1 = 11.0 and K2 = 11.0
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Frequency response with K1 = 11.0 and K2 = 11.0
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Total wind turbine generator output with varying K1 and K2 = 0.0
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Frequency response with varying K1 and K2 = 0.0
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Total wind turbine generator output with K1 = 0.0 and varying K2
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Frequency response with K1 = 0.0 and varying K2
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Generic inertial and primary frequency control functions for wind turbine generators
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Frequency response of the main interconnected grid
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Frequency behavior of the Baja California Sur grid
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Mexican Electric Power System control regions (Secretaría de Energía, )
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Total wind turbine generator output with K1 = 20.0 and K2 = 50.0
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Frequency response with K1 = 20 and K2 = 50.0
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Total wind turbine generator output with varying K1 and K2 = 0.0
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Frequency response with varying K1 and K2 = 0.0
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Total wind turbine generator output with K1 = 0.0 varying K2
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

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Wind Power > Science and Materials
Wind Power > Systems and Infrastructure
Energy Research & Innovation > Science and Materials

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