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WIREs Energy Environ.
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Biomass gasification for synthesis gas production and applications of the syngas

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Synthesis gas from biomass can be produced and utilized in different ways. Conversion of biomass to synthesis gas can be done either in fluidized bed or entrained flow reactors. As gasification agent oxygen, steam, or mixtures are used. The most common use of biomass gasification in the last decades has been for heat and/or power production. Nowadays, the importance of transportation fuels from renewables is increased due to environmental aspects and growing fossil fuels prices. That is why the production of Fischer–Tropsch (FT) liquids, methanol, mixed alcohols, substitute natural gas (SNG), and hydrogen from biomass is now in focus of view. The most innovative and interesting ways of synthesis gas utilization and projects, BioTfueL or GoBiGas, BioLiq, Choren, etc. are discussed here. Further the microchannel technology by Oxford Catalysts and distributed production of SNG in decentral small scale are presented. The synthesis platform in Güssing, Austria is also presented. The FT liquids, hydrogen production, mixed alcohols, and BioSNG, these are the projects associated with the FICFB gasification plant in Güssing. Also the principle and examples of sorption‐enhanced reforming to adjust H2/CO ratio in product gas during the gasification is described. Finally, in the conclusion also an outlook for the thermochemical pathway to transportation fuels is given. WIREs Energy Environ 2014, 3:343–362. doi: 10.1002/wene.97 This article is categorized under: Bioenergy > Science and Materials Bioenergy > Systems and Infrastructure
Different types of gasifiers.
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Flow chart of GoBioGas project
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Velocys microchannel reactor. (Reprinted with permission from Ref 54. Copyright 2012)
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Predicted H2 and CO2 molar concentrations in sorption‐enhanced reforming.
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Process design for hydrogen production from biomass.
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Flow sheet of the FT test rig in Güssing.
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Synthesis platform Güssing. (Reprinted with permission Ref 34. Copyright 2012 BTG Biomass Technology Group BV)
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Güssing gasification plant.
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BioTfueL concept.
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Bioliq process. (Reprinted with permission from Ref 29. Copyright 2012 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
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Stora Enso–Neste Oil joint venture.
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