Home
This Title All WIREs
WIREs RSS Feed
How to cite this WIREs title:
WIREs Comp Stat

Goodness‐of‐fit testing in sparse contingency tables when the number of variables is large

Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML PDF

Can't access this content? Tell your librarian.

Abstract The Pearson and likelihood ratio statistics are commonly used to test goodness of fit for models applied to data from a multinomial distribution. When data are from a table formed by the cross‐classification of a large number of variables, the common statistics may have low power and inaccurate Type I error level due to sparseness. One approach to finding a valid approximation to the achieved significance level (ASL) is to use a bootstrap distribution for the test statistic. For a composite null hypothesis with unknown parameters, the parametric bootstrap has been employed. The parametric bootstrap can be computationally demanding, but a recent development provides a method for computationally efficient calculation of the Pearson–Fisher statistic for very large sparse tables. Another approach employs orthogonal components of the Pearson–Fisher statistic obtained from lower‐order marginal distributions of a large cross‐classified table rather than the joint distribution. These statistics are used essentially for focused tests and have mostly been applied to latent variable models. They have very good performance for Type I error rate and power, even when applied to a sparse table. However, there are limitations when the number of variables becomes larger than 20. Some related statistics also employ lower‐order marginals, but they are not components of the Pearson–Fisher statistic. The performance of these approaches is compared for obtaining a valid ASL for a goodness‐of‐fit test applied to a very large multi‐way contingency table. The approaches are compared with a small simulation study. This article is categorized under: Types and Structure > Categorical Data Statistical and Graphical Methods of Data Analysis > Bootstrap and Resampling Statistical Models > Fitting Models

Browse by Topic

Statistical and Graphical Methods of Data Analysis > Bootstrap and Resampling
Statistical Models > Fitting Models
Data: Types and Structure > Categorical Data

Access to this WIREs title is by subscription only.

Recommend to Your
Librarian Now!

The latest WIREs articles in your inbox

Sign Up for Article Alerts