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A survey on graphic processing unit computing for large‐scale data mining

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General purpose computation using Graphic Processing Units (GPUs) is a well‐established research area focusing on high‐performance computing solutions for massively parallelizable and time‐consuming problems. Classical methodologies in machine learning and data mining cannot handle processing of massive and high‐speed volumes of information in the context of the big data era. GPUs have successfully improved the scalability of data mining algorithms to address significantly larger dataset sizes in many application areas. The popularization of distributed computing frameworks for big data mining opens up new opportunities for transformative solutions combining GPUs and distributed frameworks. This survey analyzes current trends in the use of GPU computing for large‐scale data mining, discusses GPU architecture advantages for handling volume and velocity of data, identifies limitation factors hampering the scalability of the problems, and discusses open issues and future directions.

Graphic processing unit (GPU) architecture, multi‐GPU, and distributed‐GPU scalability.
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MapReduce architecture in a multi‐graphic processing unit (GPU) system.
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Summary performance chart for techniques and applications.
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Model and data parallelism in deep learning.
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Neural network architecture, activation function, and neuron weight updates.
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Support vector machine (SVM) formulation and matrix vector multiplication.
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Decision tree encoding in graphic processing unit linear memory.
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Intrarule parallelization in genetic programming.
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Distance matrices for k nearest neighbor (KNN) local and incremental neighborhood selection.
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(a) Binary radix tree and (b) parallel support reduction.
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Parallel pairwise distance computation and centroid‐based clustering.
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Compute unified device architecture (CUDA) example for pairwise Euclidean distances computation on graphic processing units.
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Compute unified device architecture (CUDA) threads and blocks multidimensional programming model.
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Technologies > Computational Intelligence
Technologies > Computer Architectures for Data Mining
Technologies > Machine Learning

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