This Title All WIREs
How to cite this WIREs title:
WIREs Water
Impact Factor: 6.139

Citizen science for hydrological risk reduction and resilience building

Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML PDF

Can't access this content? Tell your librarian.

In disaster risk management (DRM), an emerging shift has been noted from broad‐scale, top‐down assessments toward more participatory, community‐based, bottom‐up approaches. Arguably, nonscientist local stakeholders have always played an important role in knowledge risk management and resilience building within a hydrological context, such as flood response and drought alleviation. However, rapidly developing information and communication technologies such as the Internet, smartphones, and social media have already demonstrated their sizeable potential to make knowledge creation more multidirectional, decentralized, diverse, and inclusive. Combined with technologies for robust and low‐cost sensor networks, a ‘citizen science’ approach has recently emerged as a promising direction in the provision of extensive, real‐time information for risk management. Such projects work best when there is community buy‐in, when their purpose(s) are clearly defined at the outset, and when the motivations and skillsets of all participants and stakeholders are well understood. They have great potential to enhance knowledge creation, not only for data collection, but also for analysis or interpretation. In addition, they can serve as a means of educating and empowering communities and stakeholders that are bypassed by more traditional knowledge generation processes. Here, we review the state‐of‐the‐art of citizen science within the context of hydrological risk reduction and resilience building. Particularly when embedded within a polycentric approach toward risk governance, we argue that citizen science could complement more traditional knowledge generation practices, and also enhance innovation, adaptation, multidirectional information provision, risk management, and local resilience building. WIREs Water 2018, 5:e1262. doi: 10.1002/wat2.1262 This article is categorized under: Engineering Water > Planning Water Science of Water > Water Extremes
Levels of participation in citizen science. After Haklay.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Example of a prototype dashboard‐style knowledge dissemination interface, co‐designed with local stakeholders, using the methodology developed by Zulkafli et al.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Features of first‐ and second‐generation Environmental Virtual Observatories (EVOs). After Karpouzoglou et al.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Schematic overview of how a polycentric approach to risk governance may support a workflow of actionable knowledge generation, targeting risk reduction and resilience building. The Challenges and Opportunities section is guided by the three stages of our framework.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Examples of the potential use of citizen science to deliver outcomes for communities, policy, and science, at different geographical scales.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Related Articles

Top Ten WAT2 Articles

Browse by Topic

Science of Water > Water Extremes
Engineering Water > Planning Water

Access to this WIREs title is by subscription only.

Recommend to Your
Librarian Now!

The latest WIREs articles in your inbox

Sign Up for Article Alerts