Home
This Title All WIREs
WIREs RSS Feed
How to cite this WIREs title:
WIREs Water
Impact Factor: 4.451

The emerging scientific water paradigm: Precursors, hallmarks, and trajectories

Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML PDF

Can't access this content? Tell your librarian.

Abstract Increasing scholarship has focused on a shift in scientific water paradigm in the 21st century from an understanding of water systems as stationary, predictable and command‐and‐control as appropriate governance to an understanding of them as complex, dynamic, and uncertain. This shift has been characterized in several ways. We focused on two prominent characterizations: as a “new water paradigm” and as “water resilience.” We identified the defining hallmarks of each, the “precursor” scholarship upon which these Defining Works build, and how the Defining Works have been advanced with “Subsequent Works” that cite them. We used bibliometric data to analyze the three bodies of literature and inductive coding to identify the hallmarks of the new water paradigm and water resilience from Defining Works. Four categories of hallmarks were identified that describe the emerging scientific water paradigm: complex adaptive systems orientation; governance and management configurations, which are inclusive, integrative, adaptive; governance and management actions that emphasize linkages between social and ecological systems and imperative of sustainability; and, attributes of diversity, redundancy and openness. There was insufficient evidence in fields of research, author country, and publishing journals to confirm that the emerging scientific water paradigm has been conceptualized in two distinct ways. Despite the degree of similarity between the two conceptualizations, the literature is strongly oriented toward one or the other. We suggest consilience between these two conceptualizations and scholars working with them to advance collective understanding of governance and management in light of our current understanding of water systems. This article is categorized under: Human Water > Human Water
Three parts of the literature review: Defining works (i.e., works that define the paradigm), Precursors (i.e., works that inform defining works and are cited in them), and Subsequent works (i.e., works that follow and cite the defining works) including number of works in each, and direction of relationships between literatures
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
(a) Discipline/fields for first authors of the Subsequent Works broken down by whether the primary focus is on the new water paradigm or on water resilience. (b) Country affiliation of first authors of the Subsequent Works broken down by whether the primary focus is on the new water paradigm or on water resilience. (c) Journals where Subsequent Works were published, broken down by whether the primary focus is on the new water paradigm or on water resilience
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Subsequent Works over time, showing the new water paradigm, water resilience, and those works that cite both. Solid lines indicate the trend for each and dotted lines indicate actual frequencies of publications per year
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
“Network” of emerging scientific water paradigm literature. Circles represent Defining Works; Squares are Precursors; Triangles are Subsequent Works. Colors: red = NWP; blue = WR; purple = both. Ties represent a link, with the direction indicating contribution (Precursors directed toward the Defining Works Defining Works directed to Subsequent Works). Labels correspond to unique IDs given to each work in the analysis. Defining Works are listed by their unique ID in Supporting Information
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
(a) Journals (standard abbreviations used) that published Defining Works describing the emerging scientific water paradigm and the Precursors that influenced these Defining Works. (b) Journals (standard abbreviations used) that published Defining Works describing the emerging scientific water paradigm and the Precursors that influenced these Defining Works broken down by whether the primary focus is on the new water paradigm or on water resilience
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
(a) Countries of first authors of the Defining Works that describe the emerging scientific water paradigm, and the Precursors that influenced these Defining Works. (b) Countries of first authors of the Defining Works and the Precursors broken down by whether the primary focus is on the new water paradigm or on water resilience
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
(a) Discipline/fields for first authors of the Defining Works that describe the emerging scientific water paradigm, and the Precursors that influenced these Defining Works. (b) Discipline/fields for first authors of the Defining Works and the Precursors broken down by whether the primary focus is on the new water paradigm or on water resilience
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Access to this WIREs title is by subscription only.

Recommend to Your
Librarian Now!

The latest WIREs articles in your inbox

Sign Up for Article Alerts