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WIREs Clim Change
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Social and public health effects of climate change in the ‘40 South’

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Abstract This work provides an overview of the literature on the current and projected social and health effects of climate change in countries affected by sub‐Antarctic atmospheric circulation, including Argentina, Australia, Chile, New Zealand, and South Africa. These countries, which for convenience we gloss as ‘40 South’, are already experiencing considerable impact. Climate change particularly impacts on water and food security, extreme weather events and migration. Projections indicate that the continuing impact of climate change may precipitate political and socioeconomic crises, including increased local, regional, and international migration. We highlight the similarity of the countries in terms of geography, current, and projected climate change impacts, adopted mitigation and adaptation strategies, and vulnerable population groups. While the health and social consequences of climate change draw attention to the differences in the social, political, and economic differences between the countries, we argue the strategic and scientific value of comparisons between them. WIREs Clim Change 2011, 2:902–918. doi: 10.1002/wcc.138 This article is categorized under: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change > Values‐Based Approach to Vulnerability and Adaptation Trans‐Disciplinary Perspectives > Regional Reviews

Population densities of major settlements in the Southern Hemisphere. Dotted circle shows location of 40°S latitude.

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Trans-Disciplinary Perspectives > Regional Reviews
Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change > Values-Based Approach to Vulnerability and Adaptation

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