This Title All WIREs
How to cite this WIREs title:
WIREs Cogn Sci
Impact Factor: 3.476

Development of visual perception

Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML PDF

Can't access this content? Tell your librarian.

Abstract Processes of visual development that yield a view of the world as coherent and stable begin well before birth and extend over the first several years after the onset of visual experience. Infants are born capable of seeing and with specific preferences that guide the point of gaze to relevant portions of the visual scene to support learning about objects and faces. Visual development after birth is characterized by critical periods in many notable visual functions, and by extensive learning from experience and increasing control over eye movement systems. WIREs Cogni Sci 2011 2 515–528 DOI: 10.1002/wcs.128 This article is categorized under: Psychology > Perception and Psychophysics

Two visual scenes.

[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

(a) Schematic depiction of stimuli used to assess smooth pursuit in young infants. A toy moved laterally at one of five speeds in one of five vertical positions on the screen. Only one toy was shown at a time. (b) Random‐dot kinematograms used to assess motion direction discrimination in young infants. Dotted lines and dots, shown here to demarcate regions of motion, were not present in the stimulus. (c) Individual infants' performance in smooth pursuit and direction discrimination were correlated with age. (Reprinted with permission from Ref 59. Copyright 2008, American Psychological Association, Inc.)

[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Subcortical and cortical structures involved in oculomotor control. The posterior system makes decisions about target selection and fixation duration, and the anterior system helps guide the eye movements accurately. Both are part of the secondary system discussed in the text. FEF = frontal eye fields, MEF = medial eye fields. (Reprinted with permission from Ref 52. Copyright 2001, Elsevier.)

[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Distribution of photoreceptors in the retina, corresponding to the dropoff in acuity with greater eccentricity (distance from the fovea). (a) Cone density; (b) rod density. N = nasal, T = temporal, D = dorsal, V = ventral. (Reprinted with permission from Ref 46. Copyright 1990, Wiley.)

[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Midbrain (LGN, the lateral geniculate nucleus) and cortical structures involved in visual processing, and the flow of visual input between structures. PP = posterior parietal, IT = inferior temporal. (Reprinted with permission from Ref 39. Copyright 2000 Oxford University Press.)

[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

A rod‐and‐box display from experiments on neonates' perception of object unity. Photo courtesy of Alan Slater.

[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Face‐like stimuli from experiments on neonates' preferences. (Reprinted with permission from Ref 28. Copyright 2002, American Psychological Association, Inc.)

[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Open versus closed forms from experiments on neonates' categorization. (Reprinted with permission from Ref 26. Copyright 2003 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.)

[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

A newborn infant tested for perception of object unity. The infant is held by an experienced research assistant and positioned in view of the stimulus display, seen at right. In this case the infant is not entirely cooperative. Photo courtesy of Alan Slater.

[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Related Articles

Animal visual perception
Vision in the natural world
Developmental Psychology

Browse by Topic

Psychology > Perception and Psychophysics

Access to this WIREs title is by subscription only.

Recommend to Your
Librarian Now!

The latest WIREs articles in your inbox

Sign Up for Article Alerts