This Title All WIREs
How to cite this WIREs title:
WIREs Cogn Sci
Impact Factor: 3.476

Cognitive and motivational selectivity in healthy aging

Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML PDF

Can't access this content? Tell your librarian.

Abstract Normal aging is associated with a reduction in the selectivity of cognitive processes such as attention and memory. This loss of selectivity is attributed to diminished inhibition and cognitive control mechanisms in older adults, which render them more susceptible to distraction and more likely to attend to and encode irrelevant information. However, motivational selectivity appears largely preserved in aging. For example, older adults selectively avoid high‐demand tasks, exhibit a positivity bias in attention and memory, and show better memory for high‐value compared to low‐value information. The aim of this review is to integrate these seemingly paradoxical findings of reduced and preserved selectivity in aging, discuss potential neural mechanisms, and propose questions for future research. This article is categorized under: Neuroscience > Cognition Psychology > Development and Aging
An overview of factors that modulate age‐related changes in cognitive and motivational selectivity, examples at the level of information‐processing/behavior, and potential neural mechanisms. Factors contributing to age‐related decreases in selectivity include a reduction in cognitive control, reduction in inhibition, and increases in arousal. Factors that contribute to preserved or increased motivational selectivity include emotion regulation, intrinsic motivation and reward‐based motivation. DA, dopamine; DMN, default‐mode network; FPCN, frontoparietal control network; NE, norepinephrine; PFC, prefrontal cortex
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Browse by Topic

Psychology > Development and Aging
Neuroscience > Cognition

Access to this WIREs title is by subscription only.

Recommend to Your
Librarian Now!

The latest WIREs articles in your inbox

Sign Up for Article Alerts