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WIREs Energy Environ.
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Introducing perennial biomass crops into agricultural landscapes to address water quality challenges and provide other environmental services

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The world is faced with a difficult multiple challenge of meeting nutritional, energy, and other basic needs, under a limited land and water budget, of between 9 and 10 billion people in the next three decades, mitigating impacts of climate change, and making agricultural production resilient. More productivity is expected from agricultural lands, but intensification of production could further impact the integrity of our finite surface water and groundwater resources. Integrating perennial bioenergy crops in agricultural lands could provide biomass for biofuel and potential improvements on the sustainability of commodity crop production. This article provides an overview of ways in which research has shown that perennial bioenergy grasses and short rotation woody crops can be incorporated into agricultural production systems with reduced indirect land use change, while increasing water quality benefits. Current challenges and opportunities as well as future directions are also highlighted. WIREs Energy Environ 2018, 7:e275. doi: 10.1002/wene.275 This article is categorized under: Bioenergy > Climate and Environment Bioenergy > Systems and Infrastructure
Schematic of (a) double cropping scheme, (b) mixed cropping, and (c) intensive production across regions for biomass production and water quality improvement.
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Schematic of mixed cropping to optimize commodity and bioenergy crops production, while addressing water quality issues.
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Bioenergy > Systems and Infrastructure

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