This Title All WIREs
How to cite this WIREs title:
WIREs Energy Environ.
Impact Factor: 3.803

Transmutation of high‐level nuclear waste by means of accelerator driven system

Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML PDF

Can't access this content? Tell your librarian.

To be able to answer the worlds’ increasing demand for energy, nuclear energy must be part of the energy basket. The generation of nuclear energy produces, besides energy, also high‐level nuclear waste, which is nowadays for geological storage. Transmutation of the minor actinides and long‐lived fission products that arise from the reprocessing of the nuclear waste can reduce the radiological impact of these radioactive elements. Transmutation can be completed in an efficient way in fast neutron spectrum facilities. Both critical fast reactors and subcritical accelerator driven systems are potential candidates as dedicated transmutation systems. Nevertheless, an accelerator driven system operates in a flexible and safer manner even with a core loading containing a high amount of minor actinides leading to a high more‐efficient transmutation approach. WIREs Energy Environ 2014, 3:60–69. doi: 10.1002/wene.82 This article is categorized under: Fossil Fuels > Science and Materials Fossil Fuels > Systems and Infrastructure Fossil Fuels > Climate and Environment
Spallation versus fission.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Cut in the MYRRHA Core.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Overview of the MYRRHA reactor.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Concept of an accelerator driven system.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Radiotoxicity of radioactive waste. Reproduced with permission of The Centre for Information and Documentation.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Schematic overview of partitioning.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Neutron spectrum of Am241. Figure produced using Java‐based Nuclear Information Software (JANIS) 3 (http://www.oecd‐nea.org/janis).
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]
Fractions of waste produced by 1 tonne of uranium in a pressurized water reactor after a burn up of 50.000 MWd/tHM.
[ Normal View | Magnified View ]

Related Articles

Environmental characteristics of the current Generation III nuclear power plants
Recognition of peak oil
Modern and future nuclear fuel cycles and the relationship with nuclear waste management
The role of electric vehicles in smart grids
Hydrogen production via solid electrolytic routes

Browse by Topic

Fossil Fuels > Climate and Environment
Fossil Fuels > Science and Materials
Fossil Fuels > Systems and Infrastructure

Access to this WIREs title is by subscription only.

Recommend to Your
Librarian Now!

The latest WIREs articles in your inbox

Sign Up for Article Alerts