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WIREs Cogn Sci
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Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews:
WIREs Cognitive Science
Volume 11 Issue 1 (January 2020)
Page 0 - 0


Developmental sociolinguistics: Children's acquisition of language variation
Published Online: Aug 27 2019
DOI: 10.1002/wcs.1515
The variable nature of input to the child language learner.
Abstract Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML | PDF
Listening effort: Are we measuring cognition or affect, or both?
Published Online: Aug 05 2019
DOI: 10.1002/wcs.1514
A schematic illustration of the proposed clear distinction between demanded effort (associated with task properties) and the two less easily distinguished (hence fuzzily bounded) behaviorally or physiologically measurable properties of exerted and (self‐)assessed effort. Demanded effort is quantifiable in terms of task properties such as SNR, number of competing talkers, memory load, degree of distortion of target speech, and so forth. Exerted and assessed effort are typically quantified using the behavioral and physiological measures discussed in the text. We also indicate a proposed distinction between externally and internally directed cognitive resources and associated these both mainly with exerted effort because, while they are often distinguished theoretically (see text), they may or may not be distinguishable in terms of how listeners feel about (assess) the effort they are exerting. SNR, signal‐to‐noise ratios.
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Neural mechanisms of decision‐making in aging
Published Online: Oct 13 2019
DOI: 10.1002/wcs.1519
Schematic representation of age‐related changes to key neural mechanisms of value‐based decision processing. Regions are depicted in boxes from white to dark gray. Darker boxes are associated with greater structural and functional decline in normal aging.
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Syllable as a unit of information transfer in linguistic communication: The entropy syllable parsing model
Published Online: Sep 10 2019
DOI: 10.1002/wcs.1518
An example of the overall optical flow across velocity bins (plotted on the y‐axis) and time (x‐axis) in a two‐dimensional video of a signed sentence in American Sign Language (ASL). The integrated sum of velocities across bins is plotted as a black line. Green vertical lines mark word onsets; red vertical lines mark word offsets, which are followed by transitional motion.
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Acoustic context effects in speech perception
Published Online: Aug 27 2019
DOI: 10.1002/wcs.1517
Acoustic context effects in speech perception. Contexts can be temporally adjacent to the target speech sound (proximal) or temporally nonadjacent to the target (distal). Contexts that precede the target in time are forward effects; contexts that follow the target are backward effects. These combinations of context timescales and directions apply equally to spectral context effects and temporal context effects in speech perception
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Experimental assessment of capacities for cumulative culture: Review and evaluation of methods
Published Online: Aug 23 2019
DOI: 10.1002/wcs.1516
Methods of assessing capacities for cumulative culture. Top: solution success increases in a chain of multiple individuals attempting a single problem. Below: solution success increases with demonstration success in single individuals attempting multiple problems.
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