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WIREs Forensic Sci
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews:
WIREs Forensic Science
Volume 3 Issue 2 (March 2021)
Page 0 - 0

Overview

An overview of risk investment in the transnational illegal wildlife trade from stakeholder perspectives
Published Online: Oct 14 2020
DOI: 10.1002/wfs2.1397
Reflections on the importance of defining stakeholders in the illegal wildlife trade to aid in more effective enforcement and regulation.
Abstract Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML | PDF

Advanced Review

Current and emerging histomorphometric and imaging techniques for assessing age‐at‐death and cortical bone quality
Published Online: Oct 25 2020
DOI: 10.1002/wfs2.1399
There is great strength in applying a holistic approach to evaluate bone microstructure by fusing 2D and 3D perspectives. Here, synchrotron radiation micro‐CT reveals 3D age‐associated changes in cortical porosity (red) and osteocyte lacunae (yellow) in the midshaft femur, with a 2D slice demonstrating a single cross‐section. Samples represent a 21‐year‐old female (left) and 88‐year‐old female (right) (Photo Credit: Janna Andronowski).
Abstract Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML | PDF

Focus Articles

Recent trends and developments in forensic DNA extraction
Published Online: Sep 15 2020
DOI: 10.1002/wfs2.1395
A graphic abstract on the recent trends and developments in forensic DNA extraction. Biological materials (often on swabs) are usually processed using classical forensic DNA extraction methods, and followed by DNA quantitation, STR‐PCR amplification, and capillary electrophoretic detection of fluorescent amplicons in forensic DNA profiling. However, challenges such as the incomplete separation of spermic DNA from sperm‐epithelial cell mixtures, increasing demands for ever‐faster DNA results, or even on‐scene DNA processing, and processing of difficult samples such as skeletal remains or samples contaminated by Chemical, Biological, or Radiological (CBR) agents drives the development of alternative DNA extraction methods to tackle these challenges. Therefore, this review paper focuses on recent trends and developments in four areas of forensic DNA extraction: (1) analysis of sexual assault evidence which often represents a significant portion of a forensic DNA laboratory's casework, (2) use of portable rapid DNA instruments which has gained much traction among law enforcement in recent times, (3) DNA extraction from difficult and CBR‐contaminated samples which, albeit rare, would be essential in a DNA laboratory's toolbox in the event of an incident, and (4) bypassing DNA extraction altogether.
Abstract Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML | PDF
Communication, forensic science, and the law
Published Online: Sep 12 2020
DOI: 10.1002/wfs2.1396
Efficient and accurate communication of forensic science is vital to avoiding miscarriages of justice, this article examines the issues that forensic scientists have to contend with to ensure that they communicate their science accurately.
Abstract Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML | PDF

Software Focus

What can forensic probabilistic genotyping software developers learn from significant non‐forensic software failures?
Published Online: Oct 05 2020
DOI: 10.1002/wfs2.1398
The examination into the causes of software failings outside of forensic science can help inform developers of probabilistic genotyping software.
Abstract Full article on Wiley Online Library:   HTML | PDF

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